History of AIFB
- Subhash Chandra resigned from Congress President Ship on 29 April 1939. On 3 May 1939, he declared the formation of Forward Bloc.
- On 22 June 1939 was held the All India Session in Mumbai where the Constitution and programme of Forward Bloc was adopted.
- First All India Conference of Forward bloc was held in Nagpur, from 18 to 22 June 1940. In his Presidential Address, Subhash Chandra gave a concrete plan of action for winning Puma Swaraj or complete freedom in the immediate future. The conference resolved that, in order to win independence for India, and in order to preserve it, as soon as possible the following steps be taken :
- The struggle launched at Ramgarh (March 1940) be intensified locally and further widened in its scope under the slogan ‘All Power to Indian People’.
- Steps are taken to promote and develop national unity on as many fronts and in as many directions as possible.
- Measures are adopted for forming Panchayat in every locality, beginning from the village right up to the center, to function as organs of struggle and later on as organs of administration.
- It was 17 January 1941, dead of night, that the ‘Great Escape’ of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose from India opened a new chapter of the political history of the country. Forward Bloc leaders and workers came under sharp torture and humiliation of the British police and its intelligence. A huge number of them were put to jails and confinements. And Forward Bloc was declared banned on 23 June 1942. ‘Quit India’ movement started from 9 August 1942. Forward Bloc, even when was declared illegal, played a revolutionary role to crown the struggle of the people with success and glory. Forward Bloc workers, along with the radical Congress workers, the socialists and other left forces, except communists, took part in the historic ’42 Movement which was one of the biggest revolutionary mass movements after the Great Revolt of 1857. On the national level leaders of the Party like Sardul Singh Kaveesher, Sheelbhadra Yajee, H. V. Kamath, R. S. Ruikar, K. N. Joglekar, Mukundalal Sarkar, U. Mathuralingam Thevar were noteworthy.
- Although still under ban, the active workers of the Forward Bloc from all over India met at Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, in February 1946 to consolidate their forces and chalk out a programme of action. The conference reiterated that Forward Bloc is a Socialist Party, accepting the theory of class struggle in its fullest implications and a programme of revolutionary mass action for the attainment of socialism leading to a classless society.
Under the directives of the Active Workers’ Conference of the Forward Bloc held at Jabalpur in February 1946, the post-war Revolutionary Thesis of the Party was drawn up, which was subsequently adopted at the Second Plenary Session of the Forward Bloc held at Kunwar Singh Nagar, Arrah, from January 12 to 14, 1947.
The Arrah Thesis, as was popularly known in the political circle, was a turning point in the history of the Party, which called for ‘the consolidation of the Left forces in India — for achieving the post-war revolution, leading to ‘All Power to the Indian People’, which, as envisaged by Netaji, would fulfill the goal of ‘Freedom, Democracy and Socialism.’
The other important resolution adopted at the Arrah Congress was the decision to boycott the Constituent Assembly and the Provincial Legislature Assemblies. The Party took the decision as a mark of protest against the right-wing Congress that moved for compromise with the British Government and their conspiracy for partition of India. In accordance with this boycott resolution Forward Bloc legislators like Jyotish Ch. Ghosh, Lila Roy and others resigned from their respective seats. H. V. Kamath did not agree to resign, so he was dissociated from the Party. His resolution amendment proposal failed at a special Party Session held at Bauria in April, 1947.
- With renewed faith in Netaji’s call for uncompromising struggle against British Imperialism, Forward Bloc started reorganizing and strengthening the Party since Arrah Congress. Despite all opposition, Congress came to terms with the British Govt. to implement transfer of power at the cost of Partition of India on 15 August, 1947. Forward Bloc was then the only Party who opposed partition and observed the Independence Day as the Day of National Mourning. Forward Bloc members and workers had to undergo a lot of sufferings for it at the hands of Congress opposition, but they stuck to their point which was later appreciated millions of Hindu, Muslim and Sikh who were sufferer because of partition.
In March, 1948 National Council meeting of the Party held at Varanasi which became the epicenter of various conflicting incidents thereafter, and in consequence of these incidents ideological contradiction surfaced within the Party. Some were in favour of scientific socialism with the theory of class struggle, and the others were not. This contradiction resulted into two parallel conventions, for the socialists at Chandannagar of Hooghly District, West Bengal; and for the anti-socialist at Calcutta. There was virtually a split in the Party.
The Chandannagar Convention unequivocally declared its firm faith in scientific socialism. The red flag with a leaping tiger and crossed hammer and sickle was adopted as the Party flag.
- The Fourth Plenary Session of All India Forward Bloc held at Ingota in Uttar Pradesh, in July 1949, reiterated Party’s theoretical line adopted at Chandannagar earlier. In the resolution of this session All India Forward Bloc declared the Congress party as ‘an organization of the capitalists and the vested interests’, and described the Socialist Party as ‘a party of His Majesty’s Opposition’ only.
The resolution thus read: ‘The Forward Bloc does not accept the New Democracy stand of the CPI. We believe in preparing for the socialist resolution accepting the tenets of Marxism and Leninism … We want the unity of all the leftist and progressive forces for the success of the socialist revolution.
- The Fifth Party Congress of All India Forward Bloc held at Puri of Orissa, in December 1952. Meanwhile some different endeavors were made from different quarters for greater left unity, of which Forward Bloc was also a party. Besides, there was an effort for the reunification of Forward Bloc, and it succeeded with a concluding convention held at Sahid Minar Maidan, Calcutta on 22 June, 1951.It was unanimously decided to accept scientific socialism as the prime objective of the Party.
- Important to note: the first General Election of the country was held in February, 1952. And the Fifth Party Congress of All India Forward Bloc held from 28 to 31 December, 1952, at Puri, as stated earlier. The Party Congress endorsed the idea of achieving socialism, based on the theory of class struggle. The Party Flag remained the same as was accepted in Chandannagar Convention.
In the political resolution it said: ‘Forward Bloc demanded abolition of the Privy Purse, non-payment of compensation to the land-lords, abolition of all taxes that hit the common man, nationalization of key industries, … land to the landless …. scaling down of prices, … formation of provinces on linguistic and cultural basis and cessation from British Commonwealth’ etc.’
- The then Chairman of All India Forward Bloc Mohan Singh and General Secretary Sheelbhadra Yajee, in April 1955, all on a sudden declared before the press that, as the Congress party had of late accepted the path of socialism in their recently held session, therefore there was no need of continuing a separate existence of Forward Bloc. This unilateral decision of these two leaders created sharp reaction among the rank and file of the Party. Under the dynamic leadership of U. Mathuramalingam Thevar, Hemanta Kumar Bose and others, Party was reorganized throughout the country, and met an Emergency Session at Nagpur in May, 1955.
- The Sixth Party Congress of All India Forward Bloc was held at Baghora in Madhya Pradesh, from 8 to 11 May, 1958. Most significantly, the resolution adopted in this Party Congress warned:
‘The ballot boxes cannot break the vicious circle of capitalist exploitation, nor they can bring power to the people. Extra parliamentary activities of mass action, resulting in an all-comprehensive revolutionary class struggle are needed for this. …. We can and should participate in elections, side by side with our preparation for revolutionary class struggle.’
‘The ballot boxes cannot break the vicious circle of capitalist exploitation, nor they can bring power to the people. Extra parliamentary activities of mass action, resulting in an all-comprehensive revolutionary class struggle are needed for this. …. We can and should participate in elections, side by side with our preparation for revolutionary class struggle.’
- The Seventh Party Congress of Forward Bloc was held in New Delhi for three days, 18 to 20 August, 1961. In this Party Congress Forward Bloc strongly condemned the Chinese Aggression and asked them to vacate the occupied Indian Territory.
- The Eighth Party Congress, held at Madurai February 1966, was an important turn. Chairman Congress: in Tamilnadu, from 18 to 20 of the Party declared at this
The Government of India had tried to prove, for the reasons best known to them, that Netaji is dead. But the people of the country have refused to accept the report of the Shah Nawaj Inquiry Committee…. the demand for a fresh enquiry on Netaji has become irresistible. I urge upon the Government of India to appoint a committee headed by the Chief Justice of India to enquire into the matter.’
- The Ninth Party Congress was held in Calcutta, from 15 to 20 February, 1970. The Party in its document declared:
‘Socialism in India must stand on the base of Nationalism. If we are to draw any programme of socialist revolution we must consider the specific conditions of our country. We can see only in Netaji’s ideals the combination of the three principles of Socialism, Revolution and Nationalism. The Forward Bloc, founded by Netaji, must take the responsibility of spreading the message of socialist revolution throughout the country.’
- Ramgarh of Bihar observed the Tenth Party Congress of All India Forward Bloc, from 17 to 19 March, 1979. Forward Bloc-declared at the Ramgarh congress:
In our opinion, the present phase of Indian Revolution is a socialist one. It is only through the socialist revolution that the basic ills of the class-torn society can be removed. ‘
- In March 1984, The Eleventh Party Congress was held in Calcutta. The Eleventh Party Congress stated:
‘True we are of opinion that the present phase of Indian Revolution is that of Socialist Revolution historically viewed, and our Party has given the call to prepare for the socialist revolution. But the call for a left and democratic unity is a step towards that aim in the context of the existing correlation of class forces.’
- New Delhi hosted The Twelfth Party Congress of All India Forward Bloc, which was held from 9 to 15 February, 1991. This Party Congress reiterated the call for a left, democratic and secular unity in order to ensure the democratic advance and safeguard the unity, integrity and independence of the country. The Party Congress indicated about the potential danger to the Indian polity arising out of the growing strength of the Bharatiya Janata Party seeking to replace the Indian National Congress in the Central Govt. And thereby the Party Congress endowed great importance on the left-democratic-secular unity, as it would be the only viable alliterative to both Indian National Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party.
- In the perspective of the turmoil developed in the socialist world, collapse of Soviet Union, debacles in the international socialist movement and other odds, a Special Party Plenum was held at Thirubanantapuram, in Kerala, which was most significant one. It was held from 22 to 24 September, 1992. The Document adopted in this Special Plenary Session thus read as:
‘When people have been overwhelmed by the negative developments in Europe and Russia, the Indian socialists need not loose heart and join the chorus of funeral thumping over the ‘death of socialism’ and join the gleeful rejoicing of the enemies of socialism …… As all over the world, in the mainstream of the Indian socialist movement mingled from the very day of its inception two conflicting streams. One was the ‘Right Wing’ who stood for a reformist programme above everything else. On the other hand, there were ‘adherents’ and followers of Moscow. ‘But between these two groups was another group which stood for socialism for full blooded socialism, but which desired that India should evolve her own form of socialism as well as her own method’ Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose declared, ‘To this group, I humbly claim to believe.’ …. At this most critical juncture of the world socialist movement, the socialist movement in India, although punctuated with many setbacks in the past, is required to break new path for applying the universal truth of scientific socialism in the extent of concrete realities, particularities and specificities of the Indian situation.’
- The Thirteenth Party Congress was held at Ranchi, of Bihar, from 8 to 12 December, 1995. The Party Congress articulated two main points:
- ‘In India, Parliamentary Democracy has deep roots …. Our Party does not believe that socialism can be achieved through parliamentary methods. But it does not avoid election because it provides opportunities to develop class struggle. Unlike bourgeoisie parties, our Party lays more stress on the extra-parliamentary struggles to achieve its objectives.’
- ‘Revolution cannot be imported from outside, neither it can be exported. It is to be organized within the country by the people of the country themselves. And the success of a revolution depends very much on the favourable objectives in the country.’
And then, before heading towards the Fourteenth Party Congress (December, 2000), the National Council of the Party in its meeting held in New Delhi, on 10 & 11 October 1998, resulted: ‘In the clumsy situation of the Indian politics, it is high time to think loudly on the emancipatory ideals of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. What Netaji thought in 20’s and 30’s are still relevant. In his numerous addresses, he spoke very firmly that the program of socialist reconstruction should be followed in India. The ideology of Netaji can be utilized for harmonize and solve the problems and crisis confronting the present day politics.
- Netaji Chetna Yatra : In 1999, our party has organized a successful ideological campaign on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. This this two-month campaign began on 23rd January, the birthday of Netaji and culminated on 23rd March, the martyrdom day of Shahid-E-Azam Bhagat Singh. The main slogans of the campaign were (1) Unravel the mystery behind the disaapearance of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, (2) Rebuild in in Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose way. During campaign our party has organized five vehicular jathas from five different corners of the country. (1) Kanyakumari to Delhi from March 2nd 1999, (2) Moirang (Manipur) to Delhi from 7th March, (3) Cuttack to Delhi from 11th March, (4) Mumbai to Deli from 15th March and (5) Jammu to Delhi from 17th March 1999. These 5 yatras converged at New Delhi on 22nd March after travelling thousands of kilometers across the country. Through Netaji Chetna Yatra (NCY), we have distributed lakhs of palm lets about the ideology of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose throughout the country. The NCY have got tremendous public support and appreciation from the people of all walks of life across the country. In the corner meetings, as a part of the NCY hundreds of people gathered spontaneously to hear the speeches of the leaders. The media have given enough publicity about the NCY in all vernaculars. On 23rd March as per our schedule we organized a mass rally from Bhagat Singh Terminal to Netaji Park, New Delhi. The rally was well attended, colourful and well decorated. Such type of rallies was very rare in Delhi. We mobilize all Netaji oranisations, freedom fighters, INA personalities and school college students throughout the yatras and the culminating rally. As a part of this campaign we have organized number of citizen convention and seminars on Netaji at New Delhi, Calcutta, Chennai, Bangalore, Lucknow, Mumbai, Ropar (Punjab), Pune, Nagpur etc. In New Delhi, at the historical Red Fort we have organized a ‘Netaji Pradarshini (Exhibition) from 16th March to 23rd March 2001. Thousands of people have visited the exhibition and seen the light and sound show, which threw light on the life and contributions of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. Though this campaign the Party was able to expand its network and made contact with number of new sympathizers and party friends.
The significant achievement of these Netaji Chetna Yaras was the formation of New Netaji enquiry Commission. We submitted our memorandum to the government on 24th March 1999 and the government announced the declaration of the enquiry commission on 25th March 1999. The intelligent report from various corners of the country forced the government to set up the Commission to unearth the mystery behind the disappearance of Netaji. The proceedings of the Commission of the Commission are on. The political campaigns, that rebuild India in Netaji’s way is our task to be fulfilled by vigorous mass awareness and movements.
- The 14th Party Congress was held at Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh from 27th to 30th December 2001. The party had given a clarion call to build a New Party for New Times to meet New Challenges. The 14th Party Congress gave a tribute to Com. Chitta Basu, he died on October 5, 1997. The 14th Party Congress also concluded some points to constitution of AIFB.
The Party Congress articulated some main points
- What we need today : Party building is a scientific process. A revolutionary party is the highest form of organization of the best elements of the class. Our party have well integrated policy orientation, sounded ideological background, committed and methodologically arranged programmes and its own structure. We are enrolling hundreds of members every year into the party. The mass organization also enrolls their membership in every year. It means new blood is coming in to the party in a regular interval. But unfortunately we failed to transform the members in to the cadres. A class party need accountable, committed, responsible, responsive, disciplined, indoctrinated and devoted party cadres. So we need.
- Whole timers: the party needs whole time activists at all levels. In order to carry forward the decisions of the party.
- Party Centre’s: It is necessary for a cadre base party to maintain party offices at all respective at all respective levels. The party offices are not only a place for discussion but it would be a center for all party activities.
- Party School: It is also important for a working class-cadre base party to educate its members politically on a regular interval. A well nit curriculum and syllabus must be prepared.
- Party Organ: The organs are the important instrument for propagating party ideology the mass. With the help of the organs the party can penetrate into the people of all walks of life.
- The 15th Party Congress was held at Dhanbad, Jharkhand from 16th to 20th December 2005. The Party Congress articulated two main points(I) A thesis on some socio-political Factors relating to construction of party.
- To capture power, by any means and by any word, is the essence of Politics, as perhaps – may be defined by Shakespeare, in his Macbeth or Julius Caesar. The consequences of this capture, and remain the thereto, is an introduction to further capture of power and retail it, and then procure, power and more power and more more power synonymous to the cry in her dream of Karl Marx’s heroine.
- What are the uncertainties for which the left political parties, more precisely, the parties who do believe in revolution for a complete change in state structure, through the overthrow of present political system, are quacked? It is perhaps for the imminent truth, to be proved more definitely within next few years that, Revolution, as we have experienced in history and as we still visualize, is next to impossible.
- The left forces are prominently visible today only in three to four states of India, out of 26. It will be highly irrational, at this stage, to see a havoc reversal in the field of political situation, to be opted by left parties.
- The phase of arguing that we should take benefits and advantages from parliamentary system, and thereby we have to use advantages for preparing the field for a revolution, more surely, is now over.
- Then we have to rethink and reset the total situation, philosophically, ideologically and politically. As we have seen in the past, what is philosophically celebrated and ideologically accepted has proved unfeasible politically; or philosophically and politically accepted but not compatible to ideology.
- The party is, in the first phase, the political vanguard of exploited and struggling masses; thereby the vehicle for a revolution or of similar attempt in the second phase; and in the third, after achieving such a social and political change the party will act as the infrastructure of the people’s government.
- The composition of classes, each and every class is disintegrating every, the word ‘proletariat’ which was meant only for industrial workers, some basic problems have been cropped up during the last three or four decades.
Three basic points of the 15th party congress
- I will be the task of the party to deliver India from foreign yoke. It will be the task of the Party to create a new, independent and sovereign state in India.
- The declaration vows for a (1) new, independent and sovereign India, (2) a socio-economic reconstruction, (3) new generation of men and women for the battle of life, (4) wage a relentless war against bondage of every kind of every kind till the people become free, (5) creating a free India on the basis of the principles of justice, equality and freedom. The destination remains unchanged.
- The way for reaching the destination, as our Party repeatedly pronounced, is the way of Socialist Revolution, a complete change in the economic and political system of the country. It means a total change in production system.
Three basic questions of the 15th Party Congress
- But revolution in which way? For a long time we have been clutched ourselves with the principle of ‘One step forward and two steps back.’
- Bourgeoisie Parliamentary Democracy has got rottended as the days gone by. It can be renamed as Mosaic Democracy (as we have stated is as Election Democracy earlier) which is now clubbed with 4Cs i.e. casteism, communalism, corruption and criminalization of politics.
- The touts and agents of mosaic democracy are getting power and support from imperialists. The vulture-paw of imperialism is getting more and more visible in all the spheres of administration.
Three basic Issues of the 15th Party Congress
- In these circumstances we have to fight against imperialists very chiefly? We have to fight against their national agents, simultaneously.
- To fight the imperialists and their Indian stooges the Party organization demands a definite and comprehensive programme-frame in all sector: peasants, workers, youth and students, women, unorganized labour, teachers and other intellectuals.
- For all purposes Party needs a strong publicity division. The division includes publication of party organs and party literatures, release of video and audio components and other necessities with a comprehensive plan.
Four point task of the 15th Party Congress:
- For life, first and foremost necessity is food and proper meal. It is the absolute source of sustenance, and only a secondary commodity for trade. The right to food is a fundamental right.For his livelihood, a man needs a work. Right to work or job, is a fundamental right.
- Literacy is absolutely urgent one, just after food and clothing one’s health and shelter. But literacy does not mean education. Education is a process by which people of poor and backwards will be able to discover themselves, their position in the society, the exploitations rendered unto them, the structure of the society, the motive of a capitalist state etc.
- Party will make a bridge with the mass through its organizations. In rural areas it will organize mass meetings. In urban and semi-urban areas it can provide seminars, workshop etc. But in all cases it needs a presentation, whether a print document, an audio or video.
- Build up Forward Bloc As Visualized By Netaji:
Our party is a product of historical necessity. Netaji further said, ‘regarding the future career of the Forward Bloc we may confidently say that if it is product of historical necessity, it will not die. If it has a philosophical justification, it will surely endure. And if it serves the cause of India, of humanity and human progress. It will live and grow and no power on earth will ever destroy it. In recent years we have achieved a lot for developing a group of cadres the flag and banner of our party in scientific and systematic way.
- The 16th Party Congress was held in Kolkata after long 25 years which added a glorious new chapter in the history of All India Forward Bloc. This 5-day All India Conference was held from 17th – 21st December 2009, which was historic indeed in terms of participation of delegates totaling 1074, including 103 observers, from 22 states and the presence of foreign fraternal delegates from 18 countries. On the occasion of this historic conference the whole city of Kolkata was beautifully decorated with thousands of colourful banners, posters, hoardings, flags, wall writings and full size photographs of Netaji and other former All India party leaders, along with various central party meetings and conferences. Beginning from the Airport to Railway Stations, from South to North, from East to West ___ the whole city was decorated in such a way that the city turned to be a Netaji City during the 5-days of the Party Congress. In the morning session at 10 a.m. on 17th December, 2009 at Mahajati Sadan (Kamal Guha Nagar, Sankar Dutta Manch) the party flag was hoisted by Chairman Com. Velappan Nair and floral tributes were paid to Netaji statue and Martyrs Column by the senior leaders of the party. The Azad Hind Bahini and the Jhanshi Rani Bahini presented the guard of honour. The Open Session of the Party Congress was held at Sahid Minar Maidan (Kolkata) on 17th December 2009 at 2 p.m. A record crowd of about 1 lakh people mostly comprising the Adivasis, Minorities and the women from rural Bengal attended the meeting which showed the strength of the party in Bengal and gave a strong message that the left movement is the one and only alternative to right reactionary forces. Com. Velappan Nair, Chairman of the Central Committee presided over the meeting. In his welcome address he called for the left unity throughout the country and asked the party men to fight against imperialism. Com. Debabrata Biswas, General Secretary of the All India Party in his hour long speech explained the national and international issues, highlighting the dangerous situation created by the aggressive role of the US Imperialist force throughout the world, including India. He urged upon the people to follow the path shown by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose to combat this imperialist aggression. A country-wide left unity can only strengthen the struggle for establishing People’s Alternative in our country. The senior most leader of our party Com. Asok Ghosh in his speech at the meeting called for a genuine left unity, discarding the pseudo left unity that is presently prevailing in our country. Those who plead that money has no colour and strengthening the capitalism is the only way of development are definitely misleading the people. In such a situation, he said, we must be cautious about these pseudo leftists and must develop a real left unity to fight against imperialist and capitalist forces. The foreign delegates attend the Party Congress were present on the dias at the open session. In a separate dias, named Laxminarayan Chakraborty dias, was erected by the side where of the main dias at the open session eighty freedom fighters were present on invitation of the party. They were felicitated by party leaders on the dias. After the public meeting, the first session of the delegate session was held in the evening on 17th December, 09 at Mahajati Sadan. Comrade Debabrata Biswas, General Secretary of the party placed the draft documents on national, international, organisational issues and the report of the General Secretary as well. The International session of the Party Congress began at 10 a.m. on 18th December, 2009 at Mahajati Sadan where the galaxy of foreign delegates arrived in the midst of songs and hearty clapping of the delegates. The fraternal delegates extended warm greetings to the Congress. The left leaders emphasised on the necessity of strengthening the left unity and to wage the united struggle against the imperialist forces. During the three day long delegate session, more than 100 delegates participated in the discussion. After threadbare discussion, the two main documents on National and International issues were accepted with some amendments and suggestions. AIFB General Secretary Com. Debabrata Biswas said in his concluding speech that a new political situation was now created when imperialist and capitalist forces were launching their aggressions in different new techniques. The national bourgeoisie are also exploring new methods of exploiting the people. They are moving in collusion with world imperialism. But unfortunately the left forces are failing to find out new ways to combat the aforesaid aggressions. Hence leftism is in the midst of crisis. The major question of the day for the leftist is how to find out the new way. We need to find out this way individually and collectively. We are to find out this new way through our continuous struggle. This struggle will be in the field of ideology, in the field of culture, as well as in the field of socio-political areas. The 16th Party Congress calls for this new struggle in multi dimensional ways. Com. Asok Ghosh in his concluding speech at the delegate session on 21st December, 2009 said, there is no denial of the fact that the leftist have fared badly in recent Loksabha and other elections in West Bengal as well as in Kerala. A new reactionary force like Trinamool Congress has now emerged. I think an international force is working behind them. We have therefore, organised our party congress particularly in Kolkata. We have hardly seen such a big participation of delegates from 22 states. I remember, we have had one such a big party conference at Arrah(Bihar) in 1947 where the number of delegates were about two thousand and four lakh people assembled at the open session. Forward Bloc is still now fighting to fulfill the dreams of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. But we can not achieve it only through words, instead we need a revolutionary army, a revolutionary party. The British Imperialism has faded, US Imperialism is now at the drivers seat. We need to fight it, for which we must develop a country-wide strong left unity. An outstanding feature of the 16th Party Congress was that a few seminars on contemporary topics, several cultural functions and two important exhibitions along with a ‘Light & Sound Programme on Netaji’ were held at different centre of the city outside the venue of the conference at Mahajati Sadan. Three seminars were held : i) On 15th December 2009 at Subodh Mallick Square at Kolkata : Subject – ‘National Government in exile : role and importance of Azad Hind Government in India’s Freedom movement’ : Speaker – Prof. Pranab Kumar Chattopadhyay. Secondly, ‘INA: its origin and growth and its heroic struggle for freedom of India’ : Speaker – Dr. Subhas Ch. Chatterjee. ii) On 19th December 2009 at Darbhanga Hall (Calcutta University): Subject – ‘Partition of India : causes and consequences’: Speakers – Dr. Amalendu Dey & Sri Mihir Ganguly. iii) On 20th December 2009 at Mahajati Sadan (Annexe) : Subject – ‘Leftism : present phase and future prospects’ : Speaker – Prof. Prabhat Patnaik. Two outstanding exhibitions were held : i) at Subodh Mallick Square : on Netaji’s life and struggle, ii) at Metro Channel(Dharmatala) : on Anti-Imperialist struggle throughout the world. Attractive cultural functions were held at Rabindra Kanon & at Subodh Mallick Square, Kolkata. On the eve of 16th Party Congress there were several attractive publications including One Souvenir containing various articles on Netaji and other important contemporary issues, One outstanding Pictorial Album on the history of AIFB Party Congress.
- The 17th Party Congress of the All India Forward Bloc has been successfully completed at Chennai(Tamilnadu) from 22nd to 26th September, 2013. The largely attended Open Session was held on the first day afternoon at the Theevu Thidal (Island Ground) after a huge colourful rally accompanied by horses-chariots-cars-motorcycles etc. starting from near the Netaji Statue at the Marina Sea beach converged at the meeting ground. Com. N. Velappan Nair, Chairman of the All India Forward Bloc presided over the meeting, while Com. Debabrata Biswas, General Secretary of the party was the main speaker. Other speakers included Com. Asok Ghosh, Com. P.V.Kathiravan, MLA, Com. G. Devarajan and Com.(Dr.) P.K.M. Muthuramalingam. The meeting gave the clarion call to the people to unite together to fight against imperialism and capitalism world-over and to establish Socialism in India as advocated by the great patriot and revolutionary leader Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. The delegate’s session on the rest of the four days was held at the Aringar Anna Arangam in the midst of the city. A well-planned educative exhibition displaying phtogographs on Indian Freedom struggle, along with the Life & Struggle of Netaji and Pasumpan Muthuramalinga Thevar was organised at the meeting premises. The exhibition at the premises of delegates session was inaugurated by Natham Viswanathan, Power Minister of Tamilnadu. Smt. Valarmathy, another Minister of Tamilnadu was also present on the occasion. A big pavilion of progressive books and journals was also set up by Lokmat Prakashani of West Bengal. A special delegates’ session was held on the first-half of 23rd September, 2013 where the foreign fraternal delegates joined. The foreign delegates came from China, Vietnam, Cuba, North Korea, Laos, Palestine, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar, all of whom greeted the All India Forward Bloc delegates and expressed their solidarity in the world-wide fight against imperialism led by the USA. At the second-half of 23rd September, 2013 the invited national left leaders like Com. Prakash Karat(CPIM), Com. D. Raja(CPI), Com. Balasundaram(CPI-ML) addressed the delegates and emphasised upon the necessity of united struggle against corruption, communalism and imperialist intrigues. The RSP also sent their greetings to the delegates. The delegates discussed on the three draft documents on national, international and organisational issues and the General Secretary’s Report placed at the meeting. The main theme of the Conference was “Indian Socialism is the Future”. More than 60 delegates participated in the discussion and raised important issues like demand on Kachitheevu island, Sri Lankan Army aggression on Indian fisherman, serious economic crisis of the country, corruption, unemployment-poverty-unprecedented price-rise and others. A special resolution adopted at the meeting analysed and criticized the neo-liberal economic policy of the UPA government as well as the communal polarization move of the BJP. It emphasised on the urgent need to build up wider left unity, including all the secular, progressive, democratic forces to defeat the dynastic rule and communal polarization move of the Congress and the BJP respectively. Both the parties are two sides of the same coin, who are basically pro-corporates and anti-poor on economic issues. All India Forward Bloc confirms its objective not merely to form an united front with a view to the forthcoming Lok Sabha election, but it is committed to formulate an alternative policy, which is pro-aam admi in all respects. Another resolution adopted at the meeting strongly criticises the reign of terror and oppression on the opposition parties unleashed by the Trinamool Congress party-led government in West Bengal and calls for united fight to defeat the TMC’s autocratic rule. A resolution urged upon the Union Government to constitute the 2nd State Reorganisation Commission immediately. 851 delegates from 23 states participated in the delegates’ session. Members of Bharatiya Lok Sanskriti Sansad (West Bengal) presented patriotic and INA songs in the evenings. The veteran AIFB leader Com. Asok Ghosh gave a clarion call to the delegates to collect necessary fund to build a befitting Netaji Bhavan as the Party Headquarter at New Delhi within six months. The new Central Committee was elected with 65 members. Com. N. Velappan Nair, Com. Debabrata Biswas and Com. Asok Ghosh have been re-elected as the Chairman, General Secretary and Finance Secretary respectively. Com. J.B. Dhotte (Maharashtra) and Com. P.V. Kathiravan (Tamilnadu) have been elected as the Deputy Chairman.
|Year||Party Congress||Date||Place||President /Chairman||General Secretary|
|1940||First All India Conference||20, 21, 22 June||Nagpur, Maharashtra||Subhas Chandra Bose||H. V. Kamath|
|1947||Second All India Conference||12, 13, 14 June||Arrah, Bihar||Sardar
Shardul Singh Kaveesher
|3rd Party Congress Happened at the same date in two different place|
|1948||3rd Party Congress||29, 30, 31 December||Nrityagopal Smriti Mandir, Chandannagar, Hooghly, West Bengal||Sheelbhadra Yajee||K. N. Joglekar|
|1948||3rd Party Congress||29, 30, 31 December||Ashutosh College Hall, Calcutta||R. S. Ruikar|
|1949||4th Plenary Session||July,1949||Ingota, Bundelkhand, Uttar Pradesh|
|1952||5th Party Congress||28, 29, 30, 31 December||Puri, Orissa||Gen. Mohon Singh||Lt. G. S. Dhillon|
|1958||6th Party Congress||8, 9, 10, 11 May||Baghora, Madhaya Pradesh||Hemanta Kumar Basu||R. K. Haldulkar|
|1961||7th Party Congress||18, 19, 20 August||New Delhi||Hemanta Kumar Basu||R. K. Haldulkar|
|1966||8th Party Congress||18, 19, 20 February||Madurai, Tamilnadu||Hemanta Kumar Basu||R. K. Haldulkar|
|1970||9th Party Congress||15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 February||Calcutta||Hemanta Kumar Basu||R. K. Haldulkar|
|1979||10th Party Congress||17, 18, 19 March||Ramgarh, Bihar||Mukhia Thevar||Chitta Basu|
|1984||11th Party Congress||3, 4, 5 March||Calcutta||P. D. Paliwal||Chitta Basu|
|1991||12th Party Congress||10, 11, 12, 13 February||New Delhi.||P. D. Paliwal||Chitta Basu|
|1995||13th Party Congress||8, 9, 10, 11, 12 December||Ranchi, Bihar||1. P. D. Paliwal,
2. A. R. Perumal
3. Com. Ayyanan Ambalam (P. D. Paliwal died on 23 July 1991; A. R. Perumal was nominated in his place as Chairman of the Party. Com. A. R. Perumal died on 21 April 1998, Com. Ayyanan Ambalam became the Chairman of the Party)
2. Com. Debabrata Biswas (Com. Chitta Basu died on 5 October 1997.
Com. Debabrata Biswas became the General Secretary)
|2002||14th Party Congress||27, 28, 29, 30 December||Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh||Com. D. D. Shastry||Com. Debabrata Biswas M.P|
|2005||15th Party Congress||16, 17, 18, 19 and 20 December||Dhanbad,
|Com. N. Velappan Nair||Com. Debabrata Biswas|
|2009||16th Party Congress||16, 18, 19, 20 and 21 December||Kolkata,West Bengal||Com. N. Velappan Nair||Com. Debabrata Biswas|
|2013||17th Party Congress||22,23,24,25 and 26 September||Chennai, Tamil Nadu||Com. N. Velappan Nair||Com. Debabrata Biswas|