DebabrataBiswas, General Secretary, AIFB
Indian subcontinent, of which India is a major part and is a land of people belonging to numerous faiths, religions, sects, communities, castes and creeds. Since the time immemorial the plural culture and different ethos has set an excellent example to the world about its unique diversity. This country is the land of humanity and embraces each and everyone with a different identity with unusual strong communal harmony. We may count them as Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Parsis, Buddhists, Jains and Jews etc.
Indian-ness and Netaji:
The force of multiculturalism was sung in medieval period as Bhakti and Sufi movement flowing unabated since centuries without making any difference of religion, caste or identity. In the second half of the nineteenth century after the renaissance of Bengal this land had seen jewels like Bamkim Chandra Chatterjee, RabindraNath Tagore, AurobindoGhosh, Swami Vivekanand, Keshab Chandra Sen, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Sarat Chandra Chatterjee etc. Like that every region of this sub-continent witnessed glowing lights such as JyotibaPhule, ShahuChhatrapati, Swami DayanandSaraswati, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, MunshiPrem Chand etc. These people were representing contemporary colonial devastation through their works.
During that time there was a questioning of practices such as the burdensome dowry system, the unjust caste system and the constraints of some religious beliefs. It was during this time too, that one of the Bengal region’s first social movements came into being, as the Young Bengals promoted atheism and rationalism as a code of conduct to level the caste system. At least the rich legacy of five thousand years was vigorously stirred and the synthesis of contemporary thoughts and issues related with society as well as individuals came to the light in the form of faith literature, social movements entwined with emerging national movement.
Scientific advances during that time included pioneering work in a number of fields by Bengali physicist, biologist, archaeologist, botanist and science fiction writer Jagadish Chandra Bose. Other notable personalities and Indian scientists from this era are SatyendraNath Bose, MeghnadSaha and UpendranathBrahmachari.
The wide, vibrant and forceful flow of thoughts, philosophies, literary works, notable speeches and powerful social uprisings combined in unison force against the imperialist British force under the guidance of many revolutionary forces and leaders ultimately mould the flow of Indian national movement. In this sequence, this strong force under the guidance of NetajiSubhas Chandra Bose achieved unique height and internationalism. It was the rare personality of Netaji, who realised each and every pulse of Indian-ness and is the only leader of national movement who recognised each and every personalities of different decades and century who opposed the British imperialist force starting from NawabSirajud-Daulah, Tipu Sultan, LaxmiBai, Bahadur Shah Zafar onward a long list to oppose imperialist force is the very essence of Netaji’s struggle.
We still feel and accept the relevance of anti-compromise rally 19 March, 1940 at Ramgarh (Jharkhand) organised by NetajiSubhas Chandra Bose and SwamySahajanandSaraswati. Due to this strong opposition the British rule became comfortless and this rally was the epicentre of Quit India Movement in 1942.
Era of Democracy and its’ continued dilution:
During the long tenure of Congress rule at centre and the different states the exploitative character of ruling class continue with communal and sectorial cards to safeguard electoral victory and this tendency has damaged political and social environment. The loss met on mass tranquillity, the rise of gape between under privileged and privileged class with new economic policy adopted by Congress has done irreparable loss. The rise of Sanghpariwar is the loss of Congress mostly. The soft and appeasement policies in the name of secularism pave the way for Sangh ideology.
Modi regime is an example of Sangh ideologies. The mixing of Hindutva with nationalism is nothing but the rise of fascist force. The dominance of majoritarian has affected badly our social harmony, religious balance and minority security. Modi will be known as a man of big promises with low performances. He misuses his power of oratory. Deprived lot madly supported Modi in Loksabha election 2014 for their emancipation but year after year the reality gain strength. Throughout India people agitated against his tenure but in the absence of any concrete leadership any all India movement remains to build. Our opposition lacks on ideas, alternative policies and focused on Modi hatred. The Neo Liberal Policies is the ideal of ruling class, which is the reason of India’s miseries. To oppose neo-liberal policies, is the only way to consolidate people and political – social – cultural organisations.
We have not seen so this comfort among people before Modi regime, it was quite different than AtalBehari Vajpayee. During Atal’stennure our Parliament was maintaining its’ dignity and the four pillars carrying the load of democracy was not so weak. Since 2014 when Modi came to power, in a planned manner adopted and enacted on Sangh agenda. The dominance of majority (Say Hindu Raj), attack on minorities and other sects become daily activity. Our democratic and constitutional, institutions slowly begin to loose it’s shine and dignity following neo-liberal policies by this tenure we witnessed loss on all round. Our agricultural sector was about to collapse, education and health sector ready for sale and the last breath of our Banking and Insurance sectors survive any how. They are coining the two party system, presidential form of governance with so-called Hindutva agenda and recently one country one election. People at large worried, suffered and in despair realising at last, that the constitutional rights to live, breathe, survive and stride to build future is no more with them.
The Constitution of India has solemnly promised to all its citizens justices-social, economic and political; liberty of thought expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among the all fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity of the nation. The Constitution has attempted to attune the apparently conflicting claims of socio-economic justice and of individual liberty and fundamental rights by putting some relevant provisions. In this sense social justice holds the aims of equal opportunity to every citizen in the matter of social & economical activities and to prevent inequalities.
Article 38 requires that the state should make an effort to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice social, economic and political shall inform all the institutions of national life. Article 39 clause (a) says that the State shall secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice, on a basis of equal opportunity, and shall, in particular provide free legal aid, by suitable legislation or schemes, or in any other way, to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities.
Article 41 recognizes every citizen’s right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness & disablement and in other cases of undeserved want.
It is a matter of great concern that the preamble has become worthless as ruling class shamelessly violated its each and every point. In modern society act of lynching, provocative, use of language by representatives of people, again and again undermining the importance of Parliament and over ruling the set pattern of normal procedures are badly disrupting the peace and prestige of Indian society. They are planning to implement Sangh agenda and damaging the secular structure of normal life and inequality among Indian masses growing socially as well as economically. These things are the points that worry all of us.
In his address on 15 August, 2018 Mr.Modi spoke as a Prime Minister of a BhartiyaJanta Party Government wooing the voter for forthcoming Loksabha Election 2019. He appealed to parents mind their sons instead of policing their daughters and asked a country man for a ten year moratorium on casteism, communalism violence. Such talks are intended to throw illusions before worried masses. Everyone knows the rise in incidents of atrocities females, weaker sections, minority and the increased liabilities and sufferings of toiling masses. He boastfully announced the launch of government funded healthcare programme in September and permanent commission for woman in the army. He spoke on GST, MST increase, rural electrification and the new insolvency and Benami Property Laws as measures and policies proudly. He was silent on increasing NPA of our nationalised banks and other non-regulations in important financial activities. He was silent about big promises to bring black money stashed in foreign banks, the flight of Malya, Lalit&NiravModis, MehulChoksi and other big financial irregularities committed by countless defaulters. The story of Choksi is big warning to our consciousness. Antigua which has GDP of $1.5b only and 94,731 Population had ‘APPLIED’ procedures to verify ‘MehulChinubhaiChoksi’ who had more than $1.5b in his pocket, but all Government of India institutions ‘FACILITATED’ to Let Him RUN AWAY with Rs.13,000 Cr or More Money along with his relative NeeravModi.
People are loosing pride as citizen and this regime has converted our citizen as applicants and categorise them in two broad categories, one as patriot (who follow the Sangh ideology) and others as traitors. The inclusiveness is just a word used in speech but in action this administration is following the exclusiveness among masses. The real message to celebrate the Independence day must be focused on to bring back our social, cultural and political tranquillity with re-establishment of our earned democratic and social norms and values to achieve this agenda a broad political and social unity based on the anti-liberal policies is the need of the hour.